Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid backs up into your esophagus. This may cause heartburn and may ultimately cause damage to the lining of the esophagus.
Symptoms of Acid Reflux/GE
Risk Factors of Acid Reflux/GERD
People who have GERD or experience acid reflux on a regular basis are at an increased risk of Barrett’s esophagus and esophageal cancer. GERD can lead to precancerous changes in the esophagus, known as Barrett’s esophagus. These changes are associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer. The risk of cancer is low, but your doctor will likely recommend regular endoscopy exams to look for early warning signs of esophageal cancer.
Tests to Diagnose Acid Reflux/GERD
When acid reflux becomes chronic, there are some procedures and tests that your doctor can perform to diagnose GERD.
Lifestyle Changes to Treat Acid Reflux/GERD
While some people experience acid reflux/GERD and heartburn relief by making changes to their lifestyle or by taking over-the-counter medications such as antacids, H2 blockers and PPIs, others may continue to experience these symptoms. If 4 to 8 weeks of twice-daily PPI therapy is unsuccessful, further investigation with endoscopy is recommended. There are some procedures that can be done to treat GERD.
Treatments for Acid Reflux/GERD
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